Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but often also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes.[three] Extra usually, pajamas may possibly seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, and the British impact on the broader Western environment during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern similar to a very good several others within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft muske pidzame sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the muske pidzame seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat rare.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas muske pidzame incorporating various components. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of brief dress best in excess of shorts or limited trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.